Due to the disparate nature of products, not every product or service requires the application of a price preference.

Nevertheless, regardless of the environmental initiatives chosen to pursue, most organizations face very similar issues: As adopted on January 22, 2009, the NASPO Green Purchasing Policy Statement seeks to leverage the purchasing power of state and local government to conserve energy and national resources, limit environmental pollution and waste, improve public health, encourage clean technologies, and create cost savings opportunities and a balanced economy.

NASPO will accomplish this through the development of policies, programs, and information resources that educate procurement decision makers on environmental issues and solutions.

As this purchasing power is used to push suppliers toward a more proactive, planet-conscious direction, suppliers are also being enabled to achieve an enhanced market position.

Although Sustainable Products can focus on different environmental attributes and pursue sustainable features with varying levels of aggressiveness, SPs tend to contain some combination of the following characteristics: While the focus of this guide is on state purchasing officials and their municipal counterparts, participation from a host of various stakeholders is necessary to maximize the success of any green purchasing program.

The following points identify and describe important elements that should be included in most policies.

The Green Purchasing General Resources section of this Guide provides links to policies that embody these approaches.

NASPO’s efforts will increase the use and availability of environmentally preferable green products, reduce environmental and health impacts, increase recycling, and reduce energy consumption on a nationwide basis.

"Environmentally preferable goods and services" are those that have a lesser or reduced impact on the environment over the life cycle of the good or service, when compared with competing goods or services that serve the same purpose.

Price Preferences - Approximately one-third of states allows a price premium to be applied to environmentally preferable or green purchases.