Dead sea scroll dating
Recent archaeological work by Yitzhak Magen and Yuval Peleg of the Israel Antiquities Authority indicates that around 100 B. a Hasmonean military outpost with a watchtower and stables was constructed at Qumran.
The Hasmoneans were a dynasty of Jewish rulers that controlled a state centered in modern-day Israel.
Altogether seven scrolls were subsequently removed from the cave.” Over the next decade, local Bedouin and scientific researchers would discover the remains of more than 900 manuscripts in 11 caves.
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One scroll is made of copper and describes the location of buried treasure. 70, the copper scroll being written perhaps a few decades later.
There were no New Testament gospels found in the caves. Vermes writes that the vast majority of the scrolls are written in Hebrew with a smaller number in Aramaic and only a few in Greek (although Greek was a popular language at the time).
One of these fell into a small hole in the rock and was followed by the sound of the breaking of pottery,” writes researcher Geza Vermes in his book "The Story of the Scrolls" (Penguin Books, 2010).
“Muhammed climbed in and found several ancient manuscripts in a jar.
Magen and Peleg write that around this time the site’s water supply was “tripled” with the construction of an aqueduct and additional pools.
Altogether, Qumran had eight stepped pools that some researchers believe to be ritual baths known as Why the water supply was increased is a matter of debate.
[Gallery of Dead Sea Scrolls: A Glimpse of the Past] Study of the letter styles of the scrolls, along with carbon-14 dating, indicates that they were penned between roughly 200 B. Most of the scrolls were composed on leather (sheep and goat skin in particular).
Recent analysis of textiles found with the scrolls shows that the textiles were originally used as clothing.
Qumran has three cemeteries, the main burial ground located just to the east of the site.
It’s estimated that 1,000 tombs are located in them, some dating to the time of Qumran but others (such as those made by local Bedouin) dating to much later.
De Vaux’s excavations revealed a room that he called the “scriptorium,” which had two inkwells along with plastered benches or tables.