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He taught that defense of a city does not depend only on fortification, weaponry and food supply; it is also important to keep talented people close by and to put trust in them.
Mozi's moral teachings emphasized self-reflection and authenticity rather than obedience to ritual.
Mozi believed that people were capable of changing their circumstances and directing their own lives.
Mozi was a carpenter and was extremely skilled in creating devices, designing everything from mechanical birds to wheeled, mobile "cloud ladders" used to besiege city walls (see Lu Ban).
Though he did not hold a high official position, Mozi was sought out by various rulers as an expert on fortification.
He observed that we often learn about the world through adversity ("Embracing Scholars" in Mozi).
By reflecting on one's own successes and failures, one attains true self-knowledge rather than mere conformity to ritual ("Refining Self" in Mozi).
He was schooled in Confucianism in his early years, but he viewed Confucianism as being too fatalistic and emphasizing too much on elaborate celebrations and funerals which he felt were detrimental to the livelihood and productivity of common people.
He managed to attract a large following during his lifetime which rivaled that of Confucius.Zhang Tai Yan said that in terms of moral virtue, even Confucius and Laozi cannot compare to Mozi.Mozi travelled from one crisis zone to another throughout the ravaged landscape of the Warring States, trying to dissuade rulers from their plans of conquest.When Gongshu Ban threatened him with death, Mozi informed the king that his disciples had already trained the soldiers of Song in his fortification methods, so it would be useless to kill him. On the way back, however, the soldiers of Song, not recognizing him, would not allow Mozi to enter their city, and he had to spend a night freezing in the rain.After this episode, he also stopped the state of Qi from attacking the state of Lu.("Against Fate, Part 3") This was the "three-prong method" Mozi recommended for testing the truth or falsehood of statements.